62

Cholesterol, longevity, intelligence, and health.

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/cholesterol-longevity.shtml

The biological meaning of cholesterol is just starting to be explored. Everything that doctors know about cholesterol is wrong. New information about cholesterol is clarifying important issues in physiology and pathology. Medical magazines and television stations like to propagate the idea that cholesterol is bad stuff, and as a result, that cliche is known to almost every American. Recent

61

Calcium and Disease: Hypertension, organ calcification, & shock, vs. respiratory energy

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/calcium.shtml

SOME CONTEXTS In biology and biochemistry, calcium is the substance most often studied, so it is significant that researchers still speak of a calcium paradox. There are several such paradoxes: As bones lose calcium, the soft tissues calcify; when less calcium is eaten, blood calcium may increase, along with calcium in many organs and tissues; if an organ such as the heart is deprived of

60

Adaptive substance, creative regeneration: Mainstream science, repression, and creativity

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/adaptive-substance.shtml

"I intend to show you how neo-Darwinism has been invalidated within science itself, as an explanation of how life on earth has evolved and is evolving. It is nevertheless still perpetrated by the academic establishment, if only because it serves so well to promote genetic engineering, a technology that has the potential to destroy all life on earth. Furthermore, neo-Darwinism reinforces a

59

Academic authoritarians, language, metaphor, animals, & science

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/authoritarians.shtml

A few years ago a group of researchers in Scotland studying learning in apes did some experiments (involving opening boxes to get a piece of candy inside) that showed that chimpanzees learn in a variety of “flexibly adaptive” ways, and that 3 year old children being presented with a similar task most often did it in ways that appear to be less intelligent than the apes. They “suggest that the

58

Serotonin, depression, and aggression: The problem of brain energy

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/serotonin-depression-aggression.shtml

Extremely serious mistakes about the nature of the solar system didn't matter too much until interplanetary travel became a possibility. Extremely serious mistakes about brain "transmitters" and "receptors" didn't matter too much until the drug industry got involved. "Three years before Prozac received approval by the US Food and Drug Administration in late 1987, the German BGA, that country's

57

Genes, Carbon Dioxide and Adaptation

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/genes-carbon-dioxide-adaptation.shtml

"Over the oxygen supply of the body carbon dioxide spreads its protecting wings." - Friedrich Miescher, Swiss physiologist, 1885 To reach useful simplicities, we usually have to sift through the accumulated rationalizations previous generations have produced to justify doing things their way. If we could start with an accurate understanding of what life is, and what we are doing here, science

55

Pathological Science & General Electric: Threatening the paradigm

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/pathological-science-general-electric.shtml

Everything in biology depends on the internal order of cells, and on the interactions of each cell with its surroundings. All of these orderly interactions involve contacts between biological molecules and water. The forces regulating interactions on that scale must be understood before life can be understood, but the nature of the forces at these interfaces has been controversial for 100 years

54

Regeneration and degeneration: Types of inflammation change with aging

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/regeneration-degeneration.shtml

For about 100 years it has been popular to explain the degenerative diseases as the result of mutations in the genes, a slow accumulation of “somatic mutations,” as opposed to the “germ cell mutations” that are involved in Huntington’s chorea and sickle cell anemia. Some people explained all the changes of aging on the same basis, but 50 years ago, the somatic mutation theory of aging was clearly

53

Osteoporosis, aging, tissue renewal, and product science

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/osteoporosis-aging.shtml

The incidence of osteoporosis, like obesity, has been increasing in recent decades. The number of hip fractures in many countries has doubled in the last 30 or 40 years (Bergstrom, et al., 2009). An exception to that trend was Australia in the period between 2001 and 2006, where the annual incidence of hip fractures in women over 60 years old decreased by 28.3%. During those years, the number of

52

Cascara, energy, cancer and the FDA's laxative abuse

ARTICLE | Ray Peat

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http://raypeat.com/articles/articles/cascara-energy-cancer-fda-laxative-abuse.shtml

The medical culture and the general culture share some attitudes about the nature of the most common ailments--colds, cancer, arthritis, constipation, heart problems, etc., and they often agree about which things can be treated at home, and which require special medical care. These background ideas are important because they influence the actions of insurance companies, legislators, and