133

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Fructose is > glucose Part IV

Since the 1970s the availability and consumption of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) increased considerably, while sucrose – from sugar cane and beets – decreased by about the same amount. Overall, however, the caloric intake of sugars from all added sources decreased subtly, as did the consumption of fruits and vegetables, which are additional natural sources of sugars. It should be noted that

151

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Insulin revisited, cell physiology, membrane pumps, and internet commenters

In my first “fact check” of Dr. Ray Peat, I had discussed the mechanisms by which insulin exerts its effects from the conventional textbook point-of-view. I’ve gotten mostly good feedback on that post, and some idiotic ones, from the people who obviously didn’t take the time to read it, or if they did, failed to understand it. Briefly, the conventional view is that insulin, upon being

141

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Protective inhibition, energy generation, and the neuroprotective effects of ATP

Terminology Axon:the slender part of a neuron that conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron’s cell body. Autonomicganglia: a cluster of neurons that provides a junction between the autonomic nerves originating from the brain and spinal cord, with those supplying tissues in the body. Glial cells: non-neuronal cells that provide support to neurons by, for instance, producing myelin

148

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Dr. Ray Peat Fact Check 1: Insulin's Role in Blood Glucose Regulation

"Insulin is important in the regulation of blood sugar, but its importance has been exaggerated because of the diabetes/insulin industry. Insulin itself has been found to account for only about 8% of the "insulin-like activity" of the blood, with potassium being probably the largest factor. There probably isn't any process in the body that doesn't potentially affect blood sugar." -Dr. Ray Peat

153

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Why cells go bad: a new appreciation and understanding of ATP opens up an untapped avenue for fighting diabetes, cancer, aging, etc.

It’s refreshing to see people beginning to think clearly and rationally and move away from gimmicky diets that have little basis in fact, reality, or objectivity, and to ones that are firmly seated in all aspects of human physiology and science. After all, this is why most of us choose to eat a certain way, that is to be as healthy as we can be, both physically and mentally . . . not to, say

173

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Preserving Brain Function: Principles, Pitfalls, and Practical Conclusions

INTRODUCTION I recently had the opportunity to attend a physician-only-lecture at a hospital about the use of ketogenic diets for the treatment of epilepsy in children. If you at least casually follow the discourse on this dietary approach on the interwebz, especially with regard to the interest of effecting cures, you’d probably think that not only should all children with epilepsy be placed

165

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | My Guest Post for 180 Degree Health

Hey guys, My first guest post for Matt Stone's site went live today. Here is a direct link: Gram Negative Bacteria and Obesity If you don't know, Matt, who I've been in communication with for a few months now, runs a really interesting site where there's no dogma or rigid mindedness allowed. Matt is open-minded, highly eager to continuously learn, and not afraid to make mistakes

167

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | An Examination of Popular "Diets" -- Avoid Them All

Some of the dietary practices that are currently promoted have the inconvenience of producing some of the effects that these practices are being undertaken to check in the first place—namely cortisol and estrogen. If any person were so persuaded to do so, he or she should bear in mind that a deficiency of calories, carbohydrate, salt, calcium, and excessive amounts of histamine, choline, and

156

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | PUFA, lipid peroxidation processes, and the implications for atherosclerosis and diet Part III

Out of curiosity, using cronometer, I decided to see how much PUFA I was eating on a daily basis for a week. It was tedious but, on average, I had consumed about 5 grams of PUFA a day, and substantially greater amounts of monounsaturated and saturated fats. An essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency is out of the question at this level, at least per the clinicial signs and symptoms, but I

174

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | 'Smart Drugs' Are Stupid

Smart drugs, or “nootropics,” are a topic I’ve stayed cleared of until now because, well, the idea of using them was stupid. Not only is the research on those so-called smart drugs severely deficient and inadequate; but also the evidence on which people make their decision to use them or not derive largely from anecdotes found on Internet forums, which are fishy to me and notoriously unreliable

196

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Straight Talk on Fats, Metabolism, and Body Temperature

It’s popular to talk about certain foods that stimulate thermogenesis, or heat production, as a means to aid in weight loss – the most fashionable of which is probably coconut oil. While that’s all good and desirable, the heat generated upon eating makes a relatively small contribution when compared to all the heat generated by all the reactions in the body, including the process of keeping the

186

ARTICLE | Andrew Kim

null | Lipid peroxidation, acne, and the complexity of nutrient interactions

Introduction: I’m probably treading on thin ice here, but I’ve been thinking about why milk would cause acne in some people. I have not the means of forming a solid judgment but initially, I was thinking offhand that the high calcium content in milk could be a factor. Excess calcium impairs the absorption of zinc and a zinc deficiency depletes vitamin E and thus vitamin A. Zinc and vitamin A